Category Archives: Cold War

China In Revolution 1911 – 1949 (Video)

Hurley, Chiang, and Mao

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  • 1911: Xinhai Revolution. An Army revolt marks the beginning of the Republic.
  • 1912: Sun Yat-sen is made first provisional President of the Republic.
    • Guo Min Dang (KMT), The National People’s Party is founded.
    • Emperor Xuan Tong resigns.
    • Yuan Shikai becomes provisional President.
  • 1915: Japan presents its Twenty-One Demands.
  • 1916: Warlords struggle for power after the death of Yuan Shikai.
  • 1919: May Fourth Movement.
  • 1921: Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is formed.
  • 1921-1922: Nine Power Treaty.
  • 1923: Chiang Kai-shek becomes head of the Huangpu Military Academy.
  • 1925: Sun Yat-sen dies.
  • 1926-1927: Mao Zedong organizes the peasants of Hunan Province.
  • 1927: Chiang Kai-shek turns on the leaders of the labor unions and the Communist Party. Many are killed.
  • 1928: Capital is moved to Nanjing.
    • Most of China is under KMT control.
    • Japanese blow up Zhang Zuolin’s train.
  • 1929-1931: Disastrous famine.
  • 1930-1934: Chiang Kai-shek leads five encirclement campaigns against the Communists.
  • 1931: Mukden Incident
    • Japanese take Manchuria.
  • 1934-35: The Long March of the Communist Party.
  • 1936: Xian Incident. Attempted coup against Chiang.
  • 1937: Incident at Marco Polo Bridge. Begins Second Sino-Japanese War. Communist Eight Route Army Formed.
  • 1938: Japanese take much of China. Communists filter in behind enemy lines and fight guerrilla war against Japanese.
  • 1940: Puppet government under Wang Jingwei is established.
  • 1941: New Fourth Army Incident
  • 1945: Japanese surrender.
  • 1946: KMT and CCP agree to a cease fire. Cease fire does not last.
  • 1948: CCP takes Manchuria and northern China.
  • 1949: Chiang Kai-shek and KMT retreat to Taiwan.

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WIKIPEDIA – CHINESE CIVIL WAR

Online Book: Airpower in Three Wars – WWII, Korea, Vietnam

An F-14D from VF-213 prepares to refuel over A...

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From Text: Every war has its own characteristics, but a common thread on the employment of airpower seems to emerge. There surfaces a common operational doctrine. To be sure, the tactics were not alike but the results obtained appear very similar. Air superiority made it possible to sustain attacks against the core of the enemy’s strength and ability to wage war and, at the same time,
to support attacks against enemy forces in the field…. More>>

Online Book: CIA Essay on Phoenix Program

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Happy hunting in Tay Ninh Province 1969-70. In South Vietnam the CIA ran a pacification program known as Phoenix that was both ruthless and controversial…. more>>

Essay: The Dubs Effect

Snow Mountains of Kabul (Photo made by: Joe Bu...

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On February 14, 1979 a largely overlooked news story flashed briefly across the wires–about a shootout in a hotel in Kabul. As it turned out, what happened there had enormous implications for the world. At the time though, the story was nudged off the front pages by events happening elsewhere… more>>