John Foster Dulles
The Geneva Accords “temporarily” divided Vietnam at the 17th Parallel. Why such a disappointing outcome for Ho Chi Minh and his comrades? At the time Ho’s primary allies, the USSR and the People’s Republic of China (PRC), had other geopolitical considerations that outweighed any benefits to be gained from digging in their heels for Ho Chi Minh… READ MORE>>
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- 1911: Xinhai Revolution. An Army revolt marks the beginning of the Republic.
- 1912: Sun Yat-sen is made first provisional President of the Republic.
- Guo Min Dang (KMT), The National People’s Party is founded.
- Emperor Xuan Tong resigns.
- Yuan Shikai becomes provisional President.
- 1915: Japan presents its Twenty-One Demands.
- 1916: Warlords struggle for power after the death of Yuan Shikai.
- 1919: May Fourth Movement.
- 1921: Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is formed.
- 1921-1922: Nine Power Treaty.
- 1923: Chiang Kai-shek becomes head of the Huangpu Military Academy.
- 1925: Sun Yat-sen dies.
- 1926-1927: Mao Zedong organizes the peasants of Hunan Province.
- 1927: Chiang Kai-shek turns on the leaders of the labor unions and the Communist Party. Many are killed.
- 1928: Capital is moved to Nanjing.
- Most of China is under KMT control.
- Japanese blow up Zhang Zuolin’s train.
- 1929-1931: Disastrous famine.
- 1930-1934: Chiang Kai-shek leads five encirclement campaigns against the Communists.
- 1931: Mukden Incident.
- 1934-35: The Long March of the Communist Party.
- 1936: Xian Incident. Attempted coup against Chiang.
- 1937: Incident at Marco Polo Bridge. Begins Second Sino-Japanese War. Communist Eight Route Army Formed.
- 1938: Japanese take much of China. Communists filter in behind enemy lines and fight guerrilla war against Japanese.
- 1940: Puppet government under Wang Jingwei is established.
- 1941: New Fourth Army Incident
- 1945: Japanese surrender.
- 1946: KMT and CCP agree to a cease fire. Cease fire does not last.
- 1948: CCP takes Manchuria and northern China.
- 1949: Chiang Kai-shek and KMT retreat to Taiwan.
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WIKIPEDIA – CHINESE CIVIL WAR
Posted in Asia, Cold War, History, Video, War, WWII
Tagged Chiang Kaishek, China, Communist Party of China, Communists, Kuomintang, Mao Zedong
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Like all craftsman and builders in history, Mao worked with the materials available at hand– peasants. It wasn’t the crisis of overproduction, or the alienation of the worker, that mattered to them. No, what a Chinese peasant dreamed of was land; Mao understood this well… More>>
Posted in Asia, Essays, Philosophy, Vietnam, War
Tagged Asia, China, Communist China, Cultural Revolution, Great Leap Forward, Mao, Mao Zedong, Peasant